India is facing the worst water crisis in history, around 200,000 people dying annualy because of the poor access to clean water, while a number of 21 cities are expected to run out of groundwater by 2020.
The Niti Aayog report states that by 2030 the water crisis will get worse due to the increasing water demand (forecasted to double, accelerated by the growing rate of population of around 1%), and the available supply, that will not be able to meet the needs.
According to this study, the lack of water infrastructure is a significant problem especially in the summertime, when many cities and municipalities remain without drinking water, making the govermental support for water tankers and public taps extremely necessary.
In the last couple of years, India has made efforts to develop additional water supplies and also passed a legislation to conserv 80% of the existing water across the country, but poor data management and the government’s failure to put a right price on water made this efforts insufficient.
Some public policies, such as free electricity to farmers or financial support for groundwater extraction, didn’t create the positive results that the Government expected, but led to uncontrolled exploitation and waste of resourse.
However, the Niti Aayog report shows that the best practice on managing the water supplies are made by the federal states, which suffered from severe drought in the past years.
Source: The Independent